Indexed on: 04 Nov '98Published on: 04 Nov '98Published in: Journal of Adolescence
The origins, history and functions of Israeli Kibbutz institutions are described, with a focus on the Kibbutz Artzi, a left wing Zionist organization which set up junior and senior residential high schools. Recent developments have led to reducing the "total" nature of these institutions. Day pupils have been admitted and the boarding aspect closed, with the facilities opened up to youth groups studying in the schools. Deprived and ethnic minority children are among youth groups encouraged to make use of the institutions' programmes. The detailed reasons for, and implications of, changes are clarified in studies of two educational kibbutzim.