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Reducing collision-induced jitter by wavelength interchange in an optical fiber transmission system using soliton signals and wavelength division multiplexing

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Olivier Leclerc, Sébastien Bigo

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

The invention relates to an optical fiber transmission system using soliton signals and wavelength division multiplexing. To reduce the effects of collision-induced jitter on the soliton channels, the invention proposes to interchange the wavelengths of the channels of the multiplex at least once, so as to invert the sign of the residual frequency variation induced by the asymmetrical collisions on the signals of the channels. The invention is applicable in particular to transmission systems implementing a frequency allocation scheme that guarantees that the bit times of the various channels are synchronous at regular intervals.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

Other characteristics and advantages of the invention appear on reading the following description of embodiments of the invention, given by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 diagrammatically shows a first embodiment of a transmission system of the invention;

FIG. 2 shows the appearance of the collision-induced jitter

t between two repeaters, over an interval Z

R of the transmission system;

FIG. 3 shows another embodiment of the transmission system of the invention;

FIG. 4 shows a wavelength interchange device of the invention, and

FIG. 5 shows another example of a wavelength interchange device of the invention.

Claims

1. An optical fiber transmission system using wavelength division multiplexing and pulsed optical signals, said system including, at least once, means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter by interchanging the wavelengths of at least two channels, so as to change the sign of the residual frequency variation induced by asymmetrical collisions on the signals of said channels.

2. A transmission system according to claim 1, wherein the wavelengths of the various channels of the multiplex constitute a set comprising a bottom half and a top half, and wherein the means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter interchanges the wavelengths of at least two channels so that the signals transmitted on a wavelength from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength from the other of said halves.

3. A transmission system according to claim 2, wherein the means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter performs said wavelength interchange in the manner such that the signals transmitted on a wavelength

i from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength

n−i+1 from the other of said halves, where i is an integer taking at least one value in the range 1 to n.

4. A transmission system according to claim 3, wherein the means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter further interchanges the wavelengths such that the signals transmitted on a wavelength

n−i+1 from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength

i from the other of said halves.

5. A transmission system according to claim 3, wherein the integer i takes all of the possible values in the range 1 to n.

6. A transmission system according to claim 1, including only one said means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter, disposed substantially in the middle of the transmission system.

7. A transmission system according to claim 1, including a plurality of means for reducing collision induced intensity distortions and phase jitter, spaced apart along the transmission system.

8. A method of transmitting pulsed optical signals using wavelength division multiplexing, said method including a step for reducing collision-induced intensity distortions and phase jitter by performing at least one wavelength interchange step in which the wavelengths of at least two channels are interchanged, so as to change the sign of the residual frequency variation induced by asymmetrical collisions on the signals of said channels.

9. A method according to claim 8, wherein the wavelengths of the various channels of the multiplex constitute a set comprising a bottom half and a top half, and wherein the interchange step takes place such that the signals transmitted on a wavelength from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength from the other of said halves.

10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the interchange step comprises interchanging the wavelengths in a manner such that the signals transmitted on a wavelength

i from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength

n−i+1 from the other of said halves, where i is an integer taking at least one value in the range 1 to n.

11. A method according to claim 10, wherein the interchange step further comprises interchanging the wavelengths in a manner such that the channels transmitted on a wavelength

n−i+1 from one of said halves are transmitted on a wavelength

i from the other of said halves.

12. A method according to claim 10, wherein the integer i takes all of the possible values in the range 1 to n.

13. A method according to claim 8, comprising only a single said interchange step which takes place after substantially one-half of the propagation time.

14. A method according to claim 8, comprising a plurality of said interchange steps.

15. A wavelength interchange device, comprising:

16. A method of interchanging wavelengths in a wavelength division multiplex of pulsed optical signals, the wavelengths (

i, where i is an integer lying in the range 1 to n) constituting a set formed by a bottom half and by a top half, said method comprising:

17. A device for interchanging wavelengths within a wavelength division multiplex of pulsed optical-signals, the wavelengths of the multiplex constituting a set formed by a bottom half and by a top half, said device comprising:

18. A device according to claim 17, wherein said first and second conversion means comprise four-wave mixers for conjugating the signals about a middle frequency (

1+

n)/2 midway between the end frequencies of the multiplex.

19. A device according to claim 18, wherein said first conversion means further comprise filters for filtering wavelengths other than those of said other half and said second conversion means further comprise filters for filtering wavelengths other than those of said one half, or vice versa.

20. A method of interchanging wavelengths within a wavelength division multiplex of pulsed optical signals, the wavelengths of the multiplex constituting a set formed by a bottom half and by a top half, said method comprising:

21. A method according to claim 20, wherein the conversion step comprises conversion by four-wave mixing to conjugate the signals about a middle frequency (

1+

n)/2 midway between the end frequencies of the multiplex.

22. A device according to claim 21, wherein the conversion step further comprises a filtering step after the four-wave mixing step.