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Reduced intensity conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first complete remission is effective in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and an intermediate-risk karyotype.

Research paper by Philipp G PG Hemmati, Theis H TH Terwey, Gero G Massenkeil, Philipp P le Coutre, Lam G LG Vuong, Stefan S Neuburger, Bernd B Dörken, Renate R Arnold

Indexed on: 25 Feb '10Published on: 25 Feb '10Published in: International Journal of Hematology



Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1), we retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 93 consecutive patients transplanted at our institution either following RIC (n = 37) or standard myeloablative conditioning (MAC) (n = 56) between 1999 and 2007. Projected overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS) for all patients at 1, 2, and 5 years was 78 or 70%, 65 or 57%, and 61 or 53% in the RIC group versus 73 or 70%, 68 or 62%, and 56 or 54% in the standard MAC group. In the subgroup of patients with an intermediate-risk karyotype projected OS at 1, 2, and 5 years was 86, 68, and 68% following RIC (n = 21) or 75, 69, and 66% following standard MAC (n = 36). Relapse or treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 15 or 17% (RIC group) and 26 or 14% (standard MAC group). Taken together, these data suggest that RIC-alloSCT may induce stable remissions in patients with AML transplanted in CR1. In particular, patients with an intermediate-risk karyotype ineligible to transplantation following standard MAC may benefit from RIC-alloSCT in CR1 at a low TRM.

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