Recurrence relations for spin foam vertices

Research paper by Valentin Bonzom, Etera R. Livine, Simone Speziale

Indexed on: 11 Nov '09Published on: 11 Nov '09Published in: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology


We study recurrence relations for various Wigner 3nj-symbols and the non-topological 10j-symbol. For the 6j-symbol and the 15j-symbols which correspond to basic amplitudes of 3d and 4d topological spin foam models, recurrence relations are obtained from the invariance under Pachner moves and can be interpreted as quantizations of the constraints of the underlying classical field theories. We also derive recurrences from the action of holonomy operators on spin network functionals, making a more precise link between the topological Pachner moves and the classical constraints. Interestingly, our recurrence relations apply to any SU(2) invariant symbol, depending on the cycles of the corresponding spin network graph. Another method is used for non-topological objects such as the 10j-symbol and pseudo-isoceles 6j-symbols. The recurrence relations are also interpreted in terms of elementary geometric properties. Finally, we discuss the extension of the recurrences to take into account boundary states which leads to equations similar to Ward identities for correlation functions in the Barrett-Crane model.