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Recruitment and retention of under-represented groups with health disparities into clinical trials: a formative approach.

Research paper by Rosanne R Harrigan, Michael H MH Perez, Steven S Beaudry, Crystal C Johnson, Payel P Sil, Kau'ionālani K Mead, Noelani N Apau-Ludlum

Indexed on: 05 Feb '13Published on: 05 Feb '13Published in: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health



Abstract

We evaluated the perceived success of recruitment and retention protocols for Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/Filipino populations. These three groups were found to have a significantly higher incidence of health disparities than the general population. Training applications of selected vignettes were also generated. Focus groups and questionnaires were used to achieve the objective: identification of themes related to facilitators and deterrents to participation in clinical trials in these populations. This mixed methods approach evaluated promotional materials preferred. Responses to animated videos and vignettes with actors regarding clinical research participation were analyzed. Participants included adults of Hawaiian/Pacific Islander or Filipino ethnicity. Analysis included grounded theory methods, such as constant comparative techniques. The results revealed that attention to the following categories is essential: culturally sensitive knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to individuals, families and communities. These themes are recommended as the structure for future interventions to improve participation and retention within these groups.