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Reconstruction and subgaussian operators

Research paper by Shahar Mendelson, Alain Pajor, Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann

Indexed on: 13 Jun '05Published on: 13 Jun '05Published in: Mathematics - Functional Analysis



Abstract

We present a randomized method to approximate any vector $v$ from some set $T \subset \R^n$. The data one is given is the set $T$, and $k$ scalar products $(\inr{X_i,v})_{i=1}^k$, where $(X_i)_{i=1}^k$ are i.i.d. isotropic subgaussian random vectors in $\R^n$, and $k \ll n$. We show that with high probability, any $y \in T$ for which $(\inr{X_i,y})_{i=1}^k$ is close to the data vector $(\inr{X_i,v})_{i=1}^k$ will be a good approximation of $v$, and that the degree of approximation is determined by a natural geometric parameter associated with the set $T$. We also investigate a random method to identify exactly any vector which has a relatively short support using linear subgaussian measurements as above. It turns out that our analysis, when applied to $\{-1,1\}$-valued vectors with i.i.d, symmetric entries, yields new information on the geometry of faces of random $\{-1,1\}$-polytope; we show that a $k$-dimensional random $\{-1,1\}$-polytope with $n$ vertices is $m$-neighborly for very large $m\le {ck/\log (c' n/k)}$. The proofs are based on new estimates on the behavior of the empirical process $\sup_{f \in F} |k^{-1}\sum_{i=1}^k f^2(X_i) -\E f^2 |$ when $F$ is a subset of the $L_2$ sphere. The estimates are given in terms of the $\gamma_2$ functional with respect to the $\psi_2$ metric on $F$, and hold both in exponential probability and in expectation.