Indexed on: 04 Dec '03Published on: 04 Dec '03Published in: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
To determine whether recombinant human lactoferrin ingestion inhibits nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID)-induced gastroenteropathy in vivo in healthy volunteers as a model for disorders associated with a rise in permeability of the stomach and the small intestine.A randomized crossover dietary intervention.In all, 15 healthy volunteers (age 23+/-1.4 y) were tested. A sucrose and a lactulose/rhamnose (L/R) permeability test was performed to assess gastroduodenal and small intestine permeability as indicator of NSAID-induced gastroenteropathy. All subjects consumed standardized meals for 2 days. On the second day at time=-24 h each subject ingested a drink containing 5 g recombinant human lactoferrin or placebo during breakfast. At t=-9 h, subjects ingested the same drink with 75 mg of the NSAID indomethacin and after an overnight fast at t=-1 h subjects consumed the drink and 50 mg indomethacin. After 1 h, at t=0, a permeability test was performed.Small intestine permeability after indomethacin and placebo was significantly higher (L/R ratio=0.036; 0.014-0.092, P<0.05) compared to the permeability observed after ingestion of indomethacin and lactoferrin (0.028; 0.015-0.056), whereas gastroduodenal permeability did not differ between the two interventions (P=0.3).Oral recombinant human lactoferrin supplementation during a short-term indomethacin challenge reduced the NSAID-mediated increase in small intestinal permeability and hence may provide a nutritional tool in the treatment of hyperpermeability-associated disorders.Grant and human recombinant lactoferrin donated from Agennix Inc., Houston, TX.