Realization of Fabry-Perot resonators for hard X rays using micro- and nanotechnology

Research paper by S. -L. Chang

Indexed on: 01 Feb '07Published on: 01 Feb '07Published in: Crystallography Reports


An X-ray Fabry-Perot resonator has been proposed and investigated for more than three decades. The difficulty in realizing such a resonator is mainly due to the strict requirement on coherence for cavity resonance, which is governed by the energy resolution of the incident X-ray photons and the size of the resonator. With the aid of modern micro-and nanotechnology for silicon, such as X-ray lithography, miniature resonators, approximately a few micrometers or smaller, can be prepared. Together with X-ray photons of ultrahigh-energy resolution from synchrotron sources, the required conditions on coherence for cavity resonance are fulfilled. Several X-ray cavities prepared by this means are used in X-ray back-diffraction experiments, where back diffraction acts as mirror reflection for X rays. Resonance interference fringes are observed unambiguously. Attempts to use multilayered materials for cavity fabrication are discussed in relation to X-ray synchrotron experiment. Possible future applications of this X-ray resonator are also mentioned.