Indexed on: 07 Apr '98Published on: 07 Apr '98Published in: Virology
The reactivates of human sera with uninduced and phorbol ester (TPA)-induced human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)-infected BCBL-1 cells were examined by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and by radioimmunoprecipitation reactions (RIP). The seroprevalence of HHV-8 infections is low in the United States general population and only low levels of HHV-8 antibodies were detected in the seropositive sera. In contrast, high levels of antibodies against HHV-8 lytic and latent antigens were detected by IFA in the sera from HIV+ Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-positive individuals. These sera recognized several proteins and glycoproteins from BCBL-1 cells in RIP reactions. Two types of antibody responses were detected in the sera from HIV+ KS- homosexual men. In majority of the sera with and without detectable HHV-8 DNA in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), significantly low levels of HHV-8 antibodies were detected by IFA. These sera recognized only a subset of HHV-8 proteins and glycoproteins in RIP reactions. In contrast, in a subgroup of sera from HIV+ KS- homosexual men, higher levels of IFA antibodies against HHV-8 lytic and latent antigens were detected. These sera also recognized several viral proteins and glycoproteins in RIP reactions. These results suggest that antibody response profiles to HHV-8 infection vary significantly and serologic assays to detect antibody responses to a panel of both lytic and latent antibodies may be required for maximum sensitivity. Screening of a cDNA library from TPA-induced BCBL-1 cells with an HIV+ KS+ serum identified cDNAs encoding 12 HHV-8 proteins. Further characterization of these HHV-8 proteins would define the HHV-8 antigens useful for seroepidemiological studies and in discriminating lytic, latent, past, and/or reactivation infections.
Indexed on: 07 Apr '99
Published on: 07 Apr '99 in Virology