Reaction of 5-aminosalicylic acid with peroxyl radicals: protection and recovery by ascorbic acid and amino acids.

Research paper by Camilo C López-Alarcón, Claudia C Rocco, Eduardo E Lissi, Catalina C Carrasco, J Arturo JA Squella, Luis L Nuñez-Vergara, Hernan H Speisky

Indexed on: 24 Sep '05Published on: 24 Sep '05Published in: Pharmaceutical Research


The aims of the study are to analyze the interaction between 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and peroxyl radicals and to evaluate the effect of some endogenous compounds such as ascorbic acid and amino acids on the oxidation of 5-ASA induced by 2,2'-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride.The consumption and/or the recovery of 5-ASA (7.6 microM) exposed to a peroxyl radical source [2,2'-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane)] was followed by techniques such as spectrofluorescence, high-performance liquid chromatography, and differential pulse voltammetry.5-Aminosalicylic acid was found to readily react with peroxyl radicals at micromolar concentrations and to protect c-Phycocyanin in a very similar fashion to that shown by Trolox. Exposure of 5-ASA to peroxyl radicals led to its oxidation into the corresponding quinone-imine. Disappearance of 5-ASA was prevented by tryptophan, cysteine, glutathione, and ascorbic acid. Furthermore, some of these compounds induced the partial (cysteine and glutathione) or total (ascorbic acid) recovery of 5-ASA when added after its almost total consumption.5-Aminosalicylic acid is a very efficient peroxyl radical scavenger. The 5-ASA oxidation by peroxyl radicals was prevented by ascorbic acid, cysteine, and glutathione. In addition, 5-ASA can be regenerated by these endogenous compounds, which would be a valuable mechanism to preserve 5-ASA in tissues undergoing oxidative stress conditions.