Indexed on: 08 Jun '01Published on: 08 Jun '01Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
The retinoblastoma suppressor (Rb)-associated protein 46 (RbAp46) is a member of the WD-repeat protein family and a component of the histone modifying and remodeling complexes. Previously, we demonstrated that RbAp46 is a potent growth inhibitor that can suppress the transformed phenotype of tumor cells. To explore the molecular mechanisms of RbAp46 function, we used RbAp46 as a bait in a yeast two-hybrid screening and found that RbAp46 interacts specifically with the C-terminal region of BRCA1 (the BRCT domain), a domain involved in the t transactivation activity of BRCA1. Coimmunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that the interaction of RbAp46 with BRCA1 requires the first two of the four Trp-Asp (WD)-repeats of RbAp46. We also showed that expression of RbAp46 represses the transactivation activity mediated by the BRCT/Gal4 fusion protein and inhibits the transactivation of the p21 promoter mediated by the full-length BRCA1. Interestingly, the association of BRCA1 and RbAp46 is disrupted in cells treated with DNA-damaging agents. These results suggest that RbAp46 may specifically interact with BRCA1 and modulate its transactivation activity in response to DNA damage.