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Rare presentation of cutaneous cryptococcosis in advanced HIV.

Research paper by Venkateshwaran V Sivaraj, Ranjababu R Kulasegaram, William W Rickaby, Ellen E Dwyer

Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 21 Dec '18Published in: BMJ case reports



Abstract

is an encapsulated yeast which causes opportunistic infection in the context of immunosuppression, including advanced HIV infection. Cryptococcal infection is systemic and can result in a fatal meningoencephalitis. Cutaneous lesions occur in 15% of those with systemic cryptococcosis and may be the first indicator of infection. Identification of these lesions may therefore expedite diagnosis and access to treatment. Cutaneous lesions typically present as papulonodular molluscum-like lesions; however, may vary significantly in appearance. We describe a rare case of extraneuronal cryptococcal infection manifesting as large subcutaneous tumours in a patient with advanced HIV-related immune deficiency. © BMJ Publishing Group Limited 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.