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Rapid and high-throughput colorimetric screening for anti-aggregation reagents of protein conformational diseases by using gold nanoplasmonic particles.

Research paper by Hye Young HY Kim, Jung A JA Kwon, Taewook T Kang, Inhee I Choi

Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 25 Jan '17Published in: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine



Abstract

Cellular deposition of destabilized proteins and their aggregates is considered one of the most indisputable factors implicated in protein conformational diseases. Here, we report an innovative high-throughput screening method for discovering anti-aggregation reagents out of numerous potential candidates by using gold nanoplasmonic particles. In our method, nanoparticles act as catalytic activators to accelerate protein aggregation and simultaneously exhibit a colorimetric response according to their embedded shape on the protein aggregates. Using this principle, we observed the colorimetric response to the anti-aggregation effect of amyloid β (Aβ) with the naked eye within a few minutes. Investigation of the anti-aggregation effects of select candidates under three different protein aggregation stages showed that the anti-aggregation efficiency could relate to disease progression. Finally, results obtained with spiked samples in cerebrospinal fluid as well as under various denaturation conditions and different Aβ compositions show the feasibility of future personalized medicine considering individual patient's disease progression.