Indexed on: 03 Jul '07Published on: 03 Jul '07Published in: European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology
To evaluate the accuracy of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) using a biplane and multiplane method in determining left ventricular (LV) mass compared to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR).LV mass was measured in 18 adult patients with congenital aortic stenosis using CMR and echocardiography (M-mode, two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), and RT3DE). RT3DE data were analysed using a biplane and multiplane method. No geometric assumptions were necessary using the multiplane RT3DE method. With regard to biplane or multiplane RT3DE, no tendency of over- or underestimation of LV mass was observed. Pearson's correlation coefficients for RT3DE versus CMR were 0.84 and 0.90 for the biplane and multiplane method, respectively. In addition, the accuracy of both RT3DE methods were comparable (Fisher's R-to-Z transformation: Z = 0.69, P = NS). Finally, off-line analysis using biplane RT3DE was significantly faster than multiplane RT3DE (3.8 +/- 1.2 vs. 7.8 +/- 1.7 minutes, P < 0.001).Biplane RT3DE provided an accurate estimate of LV mass in patients with concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, which was not improved by multiplane RT3DE. The accuracy and speed of analysis renders biplane RT3DE an attractive tool in daily clinical practice for assessing the degree of LV hypertrophy.