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Raman optical activity demonstrates poly(L-proline) II helix in the N-terminal region of the ovine prion protein: implications for function and misfunction.

Research paper by Ewan W EW Blanch, Andrew C AC Gill, Alexandre G O AG Rhie, James J Hope, Lutz L Hecht, Kurt K Nielsen, Laurence D LD Barron

Indexed on: 29 Sep '04Published on: 29 Sep '04Published in: Journal of Molecular Biology



Abstract

The aqueous solution structure of the full-length recombinant ovine prion protein PrP(25-233), together with that of the N-terminal truncated version PrP(94-233), have been studied using vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) and ultraviolet circular dichroism (UVCD). A sharp positive band at approximately 1315 cm(-1) characteristic of poly(L-proline) II (PPII) helix that is present in the ROA spectrum of the full-length protein is absent from that of the truncated protein, together with bands characteristic of beta-turns. Although it is not possible similarly to identify PPII helix in the full-length protein directly from its UVCD spectrum, subtraction of the UVCD spectrum of PrP(94-233) from that of PrP(25-233) yields a difference UVCD spectrum also characteristic of PPII structure and very similar to the UVCD spectrum of murine PrP(25-113). These results provide confirmation that a major conformational element in the N-terminal region is PPII helix, but in addition show that the PPII structure is interspersed with beta-turns and that little PPII structure is present in PrP(94-233). A principal component analysis of the ROA data indicates that the alpha-helix and beta-sheet content, located in the structured C-terminal domain, of the full-length and truncated proteins are similar. The flexibility imparted by the high PPII content of the N-terminal domain region may be an essential factor in the function and possibly also the misfunction of prion proteins.