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Rainbow vertex connection of digraphs

Research paper by Hui Lei, Shasha Li, Henry Liu, Yongtang Shi

Indexed on: 16 Jan '17Published on: 16 Jan '17Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Combinatorics



Abstract

An edge-coloured path is rainbow if its edges have distinct colours. An edge-coloured graph is said to be rainbow connected if any two vertices are connected by a rainbow path, and strongly rainbow connected if any two vertices are connected by a rainbow geodesic. The (strong) rainbow connection number of a graph is the minimum number of colours needed to make the graph (strongly) rainbow connected. These two graph parameters were introduced by Chartrand, Johns, McKeon and Zhang in 2008. As an extension, Krivelevich and Yuster proposed the concept of rainbow vertex-connection. The topic of rainbow connection in graphs drew much attention and various similar parameters were introduced, mostly dealing with undirected graphs. Dorbec, Schiermeyer, Sidorowicz and Sopena extended the concept of the rainbow connection to digraphs. In this paper, we consider the (strong) rainbow vertex-connection number of digraphs. Results on the (strong) rainbow vertex-connection number of biorientations of graphs, cycle digraphs, circulant digraphs and tournaments are presented.