Indexed on: 08 Nov '16Published on: 08 Nov '16Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics
Quantum nature of light has complex properties that are required for many key efforts in quantum optical technology. Sixty years ago, the basic properties of ideal coherent light have been recognized as only classical, while quantum theory allowed reaching more engaging states of light. Nowadays, generating nonclassical light has become a routine for optical laboratories, but quantum states with precise number of photons (Fock states) still pose a challenge. We introduce an experimental criterion for quantum non-Gaussianity, a feature of Fock states which imposes requirements that are more strict than for nonclassical light. Our approach is generally applicable to all multi-photon states, whereas previous efforts covered only the particular case of single photons. Using a 10-channel detector, we demonstrate generation of quantum non-Gaussian light with the mean number of photons up to 5 despite detection efficiency of 50 %.