Quantum Black Hole Entropy, Localization and the Stringy Exclusion Principle

Research paper by Joao Gomes

Indexed on: 04 May '17Published on: 04 May '17Published in: arXiv - High Energy Physics - Theory


Supersymmetric localization has lead to remarkable progress in computing quantum corrections to BPS black hole entropy. The program has been successful especially for computing perturbative corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking area formula. In this work, we consider non-perturbative corrections related to polar states in the Rademacher expansion, which describes the entropy in the microcanonical ensemble. We propose that these non-perturbative effects can be identified with a new family of saddles in the localization of the quantum entropy path integral. We argue that these saddles, which are euclidean $AdS_2\times S^1\times S^2$ geometries, arise after turning on singular fluxes in M-theory on a Calabi-Yau. They cease to exist after a certain amount of flux, resulting in a finite number of geometries; the bound on that number is in precise agreement with the stringy exclusion principle. Localization of supergravity on these backgrounds gives rise to a finite tail of Bessel functions in agreement with the Rademacher expansion. As a check of our proposal, we test our results against well-known microscopic formulas for one-eighth and one-quarter BPS black holes in $\mathcal{N}=8$ and $\mathcal{N}=4$ string theory respectively, finding agreement. Our method breaks down precisely when mock-modular effects are expected in the entropy of one-quarter BPS dyons and we comment upon this. Furthermore, we mention possible applications of these results, including an exact formula for the entropy of four dimensional $\mathcal{N}=2$ black holes.