Indexed on: 13 Feb '17Published on: 13 Feb '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect
The extreme mechanical resilience of graphene and the peculiar coupling it hosts between lattice and electronic degrees of freedom have spawned a strong impetus towards strain-engineered graphene where, on the one hand, strain augments the richness of its phenomenology and makes possible new concepts for electronic devices and, on the other hand, where new and extreme physics might take place. Here, we demonstrate that the shape of substrates supporting graphene sheets can be optimized for approachable experiments where strain-induced pseudomagnetic fields (PMF) can be tailored by pressure for directionally selective electronic transmission and pinching-off of current flow down to the quantum channel limit. The Corbino-type layout explored here furthermore allows filtering of charge carriers according to valley and current direction, which can be used to inject or collect valley-polarized currents, thus realizing one of the basic elements required for valleytronics. Our results are based on a framework developed to realistically determine the combination of strain, external parameters, and geometry optimally compatible with the target spatial profile of a desired physical property, the PMF in this case. Characteristic conductance profiles are characterized through quantum transport calculations on large graphene devices having the optimal shape.