Quantitative SNP genotyping by affinity capillary electrophoresis using PEG-oligodeoxyribonucleotide block copolymers with electroosmotic flow.

Research paper by Harumi H Tsukada, Takashi T Watanabe, Naoki N Kanayama, Tohru T Takarada, Mizuo M Maeda

Indexed on: 24 Jul '12Published on: 24 Jul '12Published in: ELECTROPHORESIS


Quantitative SNP detection was demonstrated with an ACE using a PEG-oligodeoxyribonucleotide block copolymer (PEG-b-ODN) as a probe in the presence of an EOF. The probe's PEG segment with large molecular weight and small polydispersity yielded a high resolution in the separation of a chemically synthesized 60-base ssDNA (WT) and its single-base-substituted mutant (MT). A mixture of WT and MT was clearly separated within 10 min by simultaneously using two types of PEG-b-ODN probes whose ODN segments were complementary to WT and MT and whose PEG segments were of different lengths. The peak area ratio between WT and MT was in good agreement with the feed ratio. The averaged difference between the feed and observed ratio of MT was determined to be 0.23%, which is lower than that of any other methods. The ACE using the PEG-b-ODN probes in the presence of EOF could be utilized as a facile method for estimating SNP allele frequency in various research fields.