Indexed on: 23 Mar '10Published on: 23 Mar '10Published in: Transplantation Proceedings
Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), a type I transmembrane protein that is not expressed in normal renal tissue, shows increased expression in dedifferentiated cells within damaged regions of the proximal tubule. We evaluated mRNA transcription of the KIM-1 gene in renal tissue of kidney transplant patients who were experiencing graft dysfunction searching for an accurate biomarker of kidney graft injury.mRNA analysis was performed on 59 biopsies from kidney transplant patients who had been classified according to the Banff 1997 scheme. Biopsies were categorized in 5 diagnostic groups: acute tubular necrosis (ATN) with superimposed acute rejection episode (ARE), ATN; ARE; calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity (CIN); or interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA). Amplified tissue RNA was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction.Renal tissue evaluations showed significantly increased KIM-1 mRNA expression as shown by median values, 25-75 percentiles, and averages of the logarithmic transformation: namely, CIN group (50.6; 1.8-285, 1; 1.24) and IFTA group (7.5; 1.26-14.6; 0.62), displayed significant differences (P > .05). In contrast, expression was lower among the ATN (0.47; 0.28-1.06; -0.13); ARE (0.21; 0.11-0.78; -0.45), and ATN+ARE (0.46; 0.06-3.27; -0.25) cohorts.These preliminary data suggested that KIM-1 mRNA might be useful biomarker of tubular damage associated with CIN and IFTA.