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Qiliqiangxin improves cardiac function in spontaneously hypertensive rats through the inhibition of cardiac chymase.

Research paper by Wei W Liu, Junjun J Chen, Tengfei T Xu, Wendan W Tian, Yue Y Li, Zhiyi Z Zhang, Weimin W Li

Indexed on: 18 Nov '11Published on: 18 Nov '11Published in: American journal of hypertension



Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the effects and mechanism of action of the traditional Chinese drug formula, qiliqiangxin (QLQX), on cardiac function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).We evaluated the effects of oral high-dose (4 g/kg/day, n = 7) and low-dose (1 g/kg/day, n = 7) QLQX on cardiac function in SHRs aged between 8 compared to control, the 8-week-old Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate cardiac function and hemodynamic parameters. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson's trichrome staining were performed, and the expression of myocardial angiotensin (Ang)-converting enzyme, chymase, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and collagen-type I and III were evaluated with real-time reverse transcription-PCR. Myocardial chymase, Ang-converting enzyme (ACE), and Ang II activities were measured with radioimmunoassay (RIA) techniques. Cardiac mast cells were detected with toluidine blue staining.In SHRs, the number of chymase enzyme-positive mast cells increased in the left ventricle (LV) compared with WKY rats. QLQX significantly decreased mast cell density and cardiac chymase levels, and it improved ejection fraction values and cardiac systolic function compared with vehicle. Moreover, QLQX decreased left atrial diameters and improved the E/A ratio. QLQX suppressed collagen-type I and III and TGF-β mRNA levels, and Ang II activity, in a dose-dependent manner. Whereas no difference in ACE activity was found between SHRs, chymase expression and activity were significantly decreased with QLQX.These data suggest that QLQX improves both systolic and diastolic cardiac function in SHRs through downregulating the cardiac chymase signaling pathway and chymase-mediated Ang II production.