Pulsed-laser deposition of InSe thin films for the detection of thickness-dependent bandgap modification

Research paper by Dingheng Zheng, Junichi Shiogai, Kohei Fujiwara, Atsushi Tsukazaki

Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 17 Dec '18Published in: Applied physics letters


Applied Physics Letters, Volume 113, Issue 25, December 2018. Layer-structured InSe is one of the intensively studied two-dimensional monochalcogenide semiconductors for optical and electrical devices. Significant features of the InSe device are the thickness dependent bandgap modification resulting in a peak shift of photoluminescence and a drastic variation of electron mobility. In this study, by applying the pulsed-laser deposition technique, we investigated the optical and electrical properties of c-axis oriented InSe films with the thickness varying from a few to hundred nanometers. The energy at the absorption edge systematically shifts from about 3.3 to 1.4 eV with the increasing thickness. The InSe films on Al2O3(0001) are highly resistive, while those on InP(111) are conductive, which probably originates from the valence mismatch effect at the interface. The electron mobility of the conducting charge carrier at the interface of InSe/InP is enhanced in thicker samples than the critical thickness of about 10 nm, corresponding to the bandgap modification characterized by the optical measurement. Therefore, the substrate and the film thickness are critically important factors for the materialization of InSe optical and electrical device applications.