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Proteomic fingerprinting of protein corona formed on PEGylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Research paper by Maria M Nicoletti, Cristian C Gambarotti, Elisa E Fasoli

Indexed on: 10 Jan '21Published on: 08 Jan '21Published in: Journal of Chromatography B



Abstract

In Nanomedicine, carbon-based nanomaterials, like Carbon Nanotubes (CNT), are considered potential candidates as drug delivery systems. In vivo adsorption of physiological proteins onto carbon nanotubes, through noncovalent interactions, forms a protein corona or bio corona, able to influence biological properties and biocompatibility of CNT. This study aimed to explore the composition of protein corona formed onto PEGylated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT-PEG5k), after their incubation in human plasma. Plasma proteins were sequentially eluted in different conditions by using both native and denaturant buffers, useful to characterize soft and hard corona. Proteomic methods and mass spectrometry analysis have identified proteins in soft corona, involved in the regulation of immune response and in the CNT transport, and biomolecules in hard corona with a role in the maintenance of host homeostasis. These promising results have demonstrated the potential of PEGylated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as future candidates for drug delivery. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.