Protein folding and unfolding by all-atom molecular dynamics simulations.

Research paper by Hongxing H Lei, Yong Y Duan

Indexed on: 01 May '08Published on: 01 May '08Published in: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)


Computational protein folding can be classified into pathway and sampling approaches. Here, we use the AMBER simulation package as an example to illustrate the protocols for all-atom molecular simulations of protein folding, including system setup, simulation, and analysis. We introduced two traditional pathway approaches: ab inito folding and high-temperature unfolding. The popular replica exchange method was chosen to represent sampling approaches. Our emphasis is placed on the analysis of the simulation trajectories, and some in-depth discussions are provided for commonly encountered problems.