Protective mechanisms of acacetin against D-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide-induced fulminant hepatic failure in mice.

Research paper by Hong-Ik HI Cho, Jin-Hyun JH Park, Hyo-Sun HS Choi, Jong Hwan JH Kwak, Dong-Ung DU Lee, Sang Kook SK Lee, Sun-Mee SM Lee

Indexed on: 11 Nov '14Published on: 11 Nov '14Published in: Journal of Natural Products


This study examined the hepatoprotective effects of acacetin (1), a flavonoid isolated from Agastache rugosa, against d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fulminant hepatic failure. Mice were given an intraperitoneal injection of 1 (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg), or the vehicle alone (5% dimethyl sulfoxide-saline), 1 h before GalN (800 mg/kg)/LPS (40 μg/kg) treatment and sacrificed at 6 h after GalN/LPS injection. GalN/LPS markedly increased mortality and serum aminotransferase activity, and these increases were attenuated by 1. GalN/LPS increased serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, while 1 attenuated TNF-α levels and further increased IL-6 levels. GalN/LPS increased protein expression of toll-like receptor 4, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinase, and p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase and increased nuclear protein expression of nuclear factor κB; these increases were attenuated by 1. GalN/LPS increased Atg5 and Atg7 protein expressions, and these increases were augmented by 1. GalN/LPS activated autophagic flux as indicated by decreased microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II and sequestosome1/p62 protein expression. This activation was enhanced by 1. These findings suggest that 1 protects against GalN/LPS-induced liver injury by suppressing TLR4 signaling and enhancing autophagic flux.