Protective effects of cyanidin-3-rutinoside against monosaccharides-induced protein glycation and oxidation.

Research paper by Thavaree T Thilavech, Sathaporn S Ngamukote, Mahinda M Abeywardena, Sirichai S Adisakwattana

Indexed on: 17 Feb '15Published on: 17 Feb '15Published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules


Cyanidin-3-rutinoside (C3R), a naturally occurring anthocyanin, is present in various fruits and vegetables as a colorant. C3R has been well characterized and demonstrated a number of biological activities attributed to its antioxidant properties. The present study compared the effectiveness of C3R against monosaccharide-induced protein glycation and oxidation in vitro using bovine serum albumin (BSA).The results demonstrated that C3R (0.125-1.00 mM) inhibited the formation of fluorescent AGEs in ribose-glycated BSA (2-52%), fructose-glycated BSA (81-93%), glucose-glycated BSA (30-74%) and galactose-glycated BSA (6-79%).Correspondingly, C3R (1.00 mM) decreased the level of N(ɛ)-(carboxymethyl) lysine (56-86%) in monosaccharide-induced glycation in BSA. C3R also reduced the level of fructosamine, β-amyloid cross structure, protein carbonyl content as well as the depletion of thiol in BSA/monosaccharide system. In summary, C3R might offer a new promising antiglycation agent for the prevention of diabetic complications by inhibiting AGE formation and oxidation-dependent protein damage.