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Protective effect of gelatin peptides from pacific cod skin against photoaging by inhibiting the expression of MMPs via MAPK signaling pathway

Research paper by Tiejun Chen, Hu Hou, Yan Fan, Shikai Wang, Qianru Chen, Leilei Si, Bafang Li

Indexed on: 15 Oct '16Published on: 14 Oct '16Published in: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology



Abstract

Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes skin photoaging. This study was undertaken to identify the anti-photoaging mechanisms of gelatin hydrolysate (CH) derived from pacific cod skin. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA assays were used to investigate the effects of CH on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the signaling pathways after UV irradiation by using a mice skin photoaging model. The average molecular weight of CH was 1200 Da, and 273/1000 residues were hydrophobic, Gly-Pro and Gly-Leu sequences and Arg at C-terminus appeared frequently in CH. CH improved pathological changes of collagen fibers and significantly inhibited collagen content reduction in photoaging skin. Moreover, CH blocked the up-regulated expression of interstitial collagenase (MMP-1), stromelysin 1 (MMP-3), and gelatinase (MMP-9) in photoaging skin. Besides, CH suppressed the activities of MMPs by increasing the contents of tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs). CH significantly reduced the UV irradiation-dependent up-regulated phosphorylation of ERK and p38 in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Furthermore, it inhibited the activation of activator protein 1 (AP-1) by down-regulating the mRNA level of c-Jun and c-Fos, which are the two transcription factors responsible for the regulation of MMPs expression. CH can effectively protect against UV irradiation-induced skin photoaging by inhibiting the expression and the activity of MMPs.

Graphical abstract 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.10.015.jpg