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Properties of cell-free extracts fromBacillus subtilis and its thermophilic mutant

Research paper by S. Marvin Friedman, Nobuto Yamamoto

Indexed on: 01 Sep '90Published on: 01 Sep '90Published in: Current Microbiology



Abstract

After being heated at 65°C for 10 min, 51% of the protein in a cell-free extract fromBacillus subtilis BR151 was denatured, whereas the comparable value was 8% for the S-30 of a spontaneously occurring, temperature-resistant (T/r) mutant. Although ribosomes isolated from the T/r mutant retained 97% of their initial protein synthetic activity when preincubated at 60°C for 30 min, ribosomes prepared from the mesophilic parent were completely inactivated under these conditions. The optimum temperature for poly U-directed phenylalanine incorporation was 45°C for both parental and mutant extracts assayed in the absence of polyamines. The addition of spermidine to the S-30 from the mesophilic parent inhibited protein synthesis at each temperature tested, whereas this polyamine stimulated polyphenylalanine synthesis in the T/r extract at both 55°C and 65°C.