Indexed on: 24 Dec '18Published on: 21 Dec '18Published in: Applied physics letters
Applied Physics Letters, Volume 113, Issue 25, December 2018. Recently, quenching lead-free non-ergodic relaxor Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3-BaTiO3 (NBT-BT) materials has been reported to increase the thermal depolarization temperature and enhance the lattice distortion. Driven by the conjecture that enhanced lattice distortion is typically associated with the onset of ferroelectric order, two non-ergodic relaxor NBT-BT compositions at the morphotropic phase boundary were investigated. As evident from the temperature-dependent permittivity, both compositions exhibit a stabilization of ferroelectric order upon quenching. An increase in the depolarization temperature by 40–60 °C is observed. Moreover, the composition with higher tetragonality undergoes a spontaneous relaxor-ferroelectric transition upon quenching. Annealing in oxygen atmosphere is shown to revert back the quenching-induced ferroelectric order to the relaxor state.