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[Prognostic Value of Morphology and Hans Classification in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma].

Research paper by Kai-Le KL Wang, Can C Chen, Peng-Fei PF Shi, Jian-Hua JH Yu, Jun-Feng JF Tan, Shen-Xian SX Qian, Da-Quan DQ Gao, Kuang K Chen, Li-Rong LR Liu, Ya-Pin YP Xie, Ying Y Xu

Indexed on: 17 Aug '18Published on: 17 Aug '18Published in: Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology



Abstract

To investigate the prognostic value of morphology and Hans classification in diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL). Clinical data of 249 patients diagnosed with DLBCL in our hospital and Hangzhou Xixi hospital during Jan 2006 to Dec 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were classified into 3 groups: immunoblastic variant(IB) group, centroblastic variant(CB) group and others group according to the cell morphology. And DLBCL was also divided into GCB(germinal center B-cell-like)or non-GCB(non-germinal center B-cell-like) group by analyzing the expression of CD10, BCL6 and MUM1 (GCB: CD10 ,BCL6,MUM1/CD10,BCL6,MUM1;non-GCB:CD10,BCL6,MUM1/CD10,BCL6,MUM1). The univariate analysis displayed that the age,LDH level,IPI,IB,non-GCB,B-symptoms and rituximab all could influence the OS and EFS, the CR rate of CB subtype patients was significantly higher than that of the patients with IB subtype (68.3% vs 38.9%)(P=0.02). IB subtype was the in dependent prognostic factor for both EFS and OS in the whole study. In multivariate analysis, IPI and IB were the independent prognostic factors for OS and EFS. IB subtype was also an independent prognostic factor in EFS and OS with or without rituximab. The expression of BCL2 and BCL6 was related with prognosis in R-CHOP, but not in CHOP treated patients. Other markers (CD5, CD10, IRF4/MUM1, HLA-DR and Ki-67 proliferation index) were not of the significant prognostic value for DLBCL. When accepted rituximab, the GCB and non-GCB were not different significantly for prognosis. However, the non-GCB group showed a poor prognosis without using rituximab (EFS P=0.020;OS P=0.020). Multivariate Cox models showed that OS and EFS were not significantly different between GCB and non-GCB group, however, the IB subtype had a very significantly poor prognosis in OS and EFS (P=0.001, P=0.002). When the analysis was restricted to DLBCL with CB morphology only, no prognostic value was observed in Hans classification. The subtype of immunoblast is a major risk factor in patients treated with CHOP or R-CHOP. There is a significant association between the Hans classification and the morphologic subclassification. Results of this study have supplemented the data for the prognostic factor of DLBCL and demonstrated that the cytomorphologic diagnosis can be reproducible.

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