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Prognostic Value of Excision Repair Cross-Complementing Gene 1, Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase, and Human Equilibrative Nucleotide Transporter 1 Expression and Their Implications for Adjuvant Treatment in Patients With Ampullary Carcinoma.

Research paper by Yasunari Y Kawabata, Takeshi T Nishi, Akihiko A Kidani, Yoshitsugu Y Tajima

Indexed on: 24 Apr '15Published on: 24 Apr '15Published in: Pancreas



Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize the intratumoral expression profiles of excision repair cross-complementing gene 1 (ERCC1), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), and human equilibrative nucleotide transporter 1 (hENT1) in ampullary carcinomas (ACs) to evaluate their prognostic values and better tailor adjuvant chemotherapy for individual patients with AC after surgery.This study included 49 patients with AC who underwent a curative pancreaticoduodenectomy. Various clinicopathological factors, including ERCC1, DPD, and hENT1, were analyzed in relation to postoperative disease recurrence and the patients' survival.The median recurrence-free survival and overall survival were 24.5 months and 32.4 months, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis of recurrence-free survival identified a DPD expression (hazard ratio [HR], 8.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.00-34.8; P = 0.003) and combined ERCC1/DPD expression (HR, 134.8; 95% CI, 11.8-1920; P < 0.001) as independent predictors of disease recurrence. Multivariate Cox regression analysis of overall survival also identified a DPD expression (HR, 8.48; 95% CI, 1.71-46.3; P = 0.008) and combined ERCC1/ DPD expression (HR, 135.6; 95% CI, 11.8-1940; P < 0.001) as independent predictors of survival.The DPD and ERCC1 expression profile could potentially serve as a useful prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for surgically resected patients with AC.

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