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Prognostic Value of ADAMTS Proteases and Their Substrates in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.

Research paper by Maíra Assis MA Lima, Liliane L Dos Santos, José Antonio JA Turri, Suely S Nonogaki, Marcilei M Buim, Joema Felipe JF Lima, João J de Jesus Viana Pinheiro, Cynthia Aparecida CA Bueno de Toledo Osório, Fernando Augusto FA Soares, Vanessa Morais VM Freitas

Indexed on: 01 Jul '16Published on: 01 Jul '16Published in: Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology



Abstract

ADAMTS are metalloproteases with disintegrin and thrombospondin motifs. They are secreted proteases playing a role in biological processes such as inflammation, angiogenesis, and urogenital development. ADAMTS have specific substrates, such as the proteoglycans (PG) versican, aggrecan, and brevican. Despite data indicating a role of ADAMTS in tumor invasion and metastases, effects played by these molecules in cancer progression are still controversial. In ovarian cancer, the importance of ADAMTS gene mutations was recently described and related to chemotherapy outcome.To analyze protein levels of ADAMTS-1, -4, and -5, and TIMP-3 in human ovarian cancer classified as benign, borderline, or malignant. We also assessed the expression of the ADAMTS substrates aggrecan, brevican, and versican in these neoplasms. Correlations between overall survival and protein expression were performed.Tumors were classified according to the WHO Classification of Tumors of Female Reproductive Organs. Protein and PG expression was studied by immunohistochemistry. Differences in labeling were analyzed by percent measurements of stained areas.ADAMTS-1, ADAMTS-5, and its tissue inhibitor TIMP-3 are increased in borderline and malignant tumors compared to benign neoplasms. Aggrecan and versican levels were increased in malignant subtypes compared to benign ovarian cancer. Higher ADAMTS-1, TIMP-3, and versican expression was associated with a shorter overall survival.Comparison of protease, TIMP-3, and substrate expression showed that in malignant tumors all ADAMTS and TIMP-3 expression levels were significantly raised compared to the substrates studied.