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Professional presentation of antigen by activated human T cells.

Research paper by V V Barnaba, C C Watts, M M de Boer, P P Lane, A A Lanzavecchia

Indexed on: 01 Jan '94Published on: 01 Jan '94Published in: European Journal of Immunology



Abstract

Activated human T cells express class II molecules, but their capacity to present soluble antigens and stimulate T cells has been repeatedly questioned. Two lines of evidence indicate that T cells may indeed function as professional antigen-presenting cells. First, T cells that have been recently activated can efficiently capture, process and present tetanus toxoid to class II-restricted T cell clones. This capacity correlates with the rate of class II synthesis. Second, activated T cell clones express high levels of B7, are powerful stimulators in mixed lymphocyte reactions, and their stimulatory capacity is inhibited by soluble CTLA4 or anti-B7 antibody. Furthermore, expression of B7 can be detected in vivo on T cells from biopsies of patients with liver disease. Presentation of soluble antigen by activated T cells may play a role in the amplification of the specific response, and possibly in immunopathological states.