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Production of manganese peroxidase by pellet culture of the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Pleurotus ostreatus

Research paper by H-C. Ha, Y. Honda, T. Watanabe, M. Kuwahara

Indexed on: 01 Jun '01Published on: 01 Jun '01Published in: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology



Abstract

Pleurotus ostreatus No. 42 produced the ligninolytic enzymes, manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase, in agitation culture in glucose/peptone/wheat-bran medium. Formation of mycelial pellets 1–2 mm in diameter was essential for the production of MnP; and the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the culture medium greatly influenced the production of MnP, a concentration over 5 ppm being necessary for MnP production. The maximal activity of MnP was obtained on days 7–9 of culture, after the consumption of nutrient glucose. Introduction of oxygen from the start of the cultivation caused large pellet formation, which resulted in a low MnP activity level. P. ostreatus No. 42 produced two MnP isozymes in agitation culture. The major isozyme, F-2, was 36.4 kDa and had a pI of 3.95. The MnP characteristics, Km values, dependence on Mn2+ and optimum pH showed the similarity between this isozyme and MnP 3, which was produced under different culture conditions. Analysis of the N-terminal amino acid sequence indicated the close similarity of F-2 to MnP 3.