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Production of ligninolytic enzymes by Fusarium solani strains isolated from different substrata

Research paper by Mario Carlos Nazareno Saparrat, María Jesús Martínez, Horacio Alfio Tournier, Marta Noemí Cabello, Angélica Margarita Arambarri

Indexed on: 01 Sep '00Published on: 01 Sep '00Published in: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology



Abstract

A comparative study on the extracellular ligninolytic enzymatic activity of five strains of Fusarium solani in a carbon-limited medium under shaking, revealed a differential production of these enzymes. Aryl alcohol oxidase (AAO) activity was observed only in the supernatant of strain CLPS no. 568 with levels higher than 57 mU ml−1. Free extracellular laccase activity was detected in strains CLPS nos. 493, 568 and 570, strain no. 568 being the one which showed the highest activity (over 8.6 mU ml−1). Free extracellular lignin peroxidase (LiP) activity was not detected in any isolate tested, whereas low levels of manganese-dependent peroxidase (MnP) and manganese-independent peroxidase (MIP) activities were detected in certain isolates used. The AAO activity of F. solani on primary α-alcohols such as veratryl alcohol, is reported for the first time; this enzyme activity is hydrogen-peroxide independent. This is also the first report for extracellular MnP and MIP activities of F. solani.