Production of bscco bulk high Tc superconductors by sol-gel method and their characterization by ftir and XRD techniques

Research paper by M. Arshad, A. H. Qureshi, K. Masud, N. K. Qazi

Indexed on: 19 Jul '07Published on: 19 Jul '07Published in: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry


The production of bulk high Tc superconducting phase (2223) by EDTA-gel (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) techniques has been investigated. It is shown that close control of pH is necessary for the production of a well-complexed precursor which allows subsequent decomposition in two stages at 300 and 800°C. The problem of carbonate formation was investigated experimentally and solved. Precursors are characterised by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the sintering behaviour was monitored by dilatometry. At least three different phases Bi2Sr2Cax−1CuxO8+y (BSCCO); where x=1, 2, 3 were identified within superconducting pellets using XRD, named as Bi2Sr2CuO7 (2201), Bi2Sr2CaCu2O9 (2212) and Bi2Sr2Ca3O10 (2223). The superconducting properties of the sintered samples were studied by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Transition to a superconducting state around 80 K appeared in samples (sintered at 845°C) containing the Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Oy (2212) phase. Liquid phase sintering of the samples aided the formation of Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (2223) phase at high temperature (860°C), which showed a superconducting transition temperature of 108 K.