Processing and properties of Nb- Ti- base alloys

Research paper by V. K. Sikka, S. Viswanathan, E. A. Loria

Indexed on: 01 Aug '93Published on: 01 Aug '93Published in: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance


The processing characteristics, tensile properties, and oxidation response of two Nb-Ti-Al-Cr alloys were investigated. One creep test at 650 °C and 172 MPa was conducted on the base alloy, which contained 40Nb-40Ti-10Al-10Cr. A second alloy was modified with 0.11 at.% C and 0.07 at.% Y. Alloys were arc melted in a chamber backfilled with argon, drop cast into a water-cooled copper mold, and cold rolled to obtain a 0.8-mm sheet. The sheet was annealed at 1100 °C for 0.5 h. Longitudinal tensile specimens and oxidation specimens were obtained for both the base alloy and the modified alloy. Tensile properties were obtained for the base alloy at room temperature, 400,600,700,800,900, and 1000 °C and for the modified alloy at room temperature, 400,600,700, and 800 °C. Oxidation tests on the base alloy and modified alloy, as measured by weight change, were carried out at 600,700,800, and 900 °C. Both the base alloy and the modified alloy were extremely ductile and were cold rolled to the final sheet thickness of 0.8 mm without an intermediate anneal. The modified alloy exhibited some edge cracking during cold rolling. Both alloys recrystallized at the end of a 0.5-h annealing treatment. The alloys exhibited moderate strength and oxi-dation resistance below 600 °C, similar to the results of alloys reported in the literature. The addition of carbon produced almost no change in either the yield strength or ductility as measured by total elonga-tion. A small increase in the ultimate tensile strength and a corresponding decrease in the reduction of area below 600 °C were observed. Carbon addition also served to marginally refine the grain size after annealing. The results of this study and those of similar alloys reported in the literature suggest that 40Nb-40Ti-10Al-10Cr forms a good base alloy suitable for alloying for improvement in its oxidation and high-temperature strength properties.