Process tomography of quantum channels using classical light

Research paper by Bienvenu Ndagano, Benjamin Perez-Garcia, Filippus S. Roux, Melanie McLaren, Carmelo Rosales-Guzman, Yingwen Zhang, Othmane Mouane, Raul I. Hernandez-Aranda, Thomas Konrad, Andrew Forbes

Indexed on: 17 May '16Published on: 17 May '16Published in: Quantum Physics


High-dimensional entanglement with spatial modes of light promises increased security and information capacity over quantum channels. Unfortunately, entanglement decays due to perturbations, corrupting quantum links which cannot be repaired without a tomography of the channel. Paradoxically, the channel tomography itself is not possible without a working link. Here we overcome this problem with a robust approach to characterising quantum channels by means of classical light. Using free-space communication in a turbulent atmosphere as an example, we show that the state evolution of classically entangled degrees of freedom is equivalent to that of quantum entangled pho- tons, thus providing new physical insights into the notion of classical entanglement. The analysis of quantum channels by means of classical light in real time unravels stochastic dynamics in terms of pure state trajectories and thus enables precise quantum error-correction in short and long haul optical communication, in both free-space and fibre.