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Process of manufacturing a wood fiberboard, in particular floor panels

Imported: 10 Mar '17 | Published: 27 Nov '08

Thomas GRAFENAUER

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel, includes an HDF support board with a top side and an underside, the top side having a decoration, preferably a wood or tile decoration, is distinguished in that the decoration is printed directly onto the top side of the support board and is covered by at least one layer of a transparent synthetic resin.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application is a divisional of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/697,561, filed on Oct. 31, 2003, the contents of which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention relates to a wood fiberboard, in particular a floor panel, comprising an HDF support board with a top side and an underside, the top side having a decoration, preferably a wood or tile decoration, and to a process for producing such a wood fiberboard.

2. Background Description

Floor panels with a wood-fiber support board are usually referred to as laminate panels and have been commercially available for many years as a substitute for parquet flooring. The desired decoration (parquet, woodgrain, tiles, etc.) is printed onto a paper web, which is then coated with resin and rolled onto a roll. At the floor manufacturer's, the decorative web which has been prefabricated in this way is positioned on the support board and pressed. As a result of the operations of printing the decoration on to the paper web, of subsequently sealing the paper web with synthetic resin and of then connecting the decorative layer to the support board by pressure and temperature, the dimensions of the paper web change. According to the person skilled in the art, the paper grows. The paper grows both in length (increase in length) and in width (increase in width). If this decorative board is then to be cut to size to form individual panels, the increase in length and width has to be taken into account because, otherwise, the decoration would be distributed unevenly on the individual panels. This would result in the floor made up of an unevenly distributed decorative layer having the decorations offset along the connecting edges of the panels. Even if the decorations are only offset by a few millimeters, they are obvious to the observer, this having an adverse effect on the esthetic appearance and thus reducing the quality of the covered floor.

In order for it to be possible to carry out production with appropriate quality, the paper growth has to be detected and the saw which saws the panels from the support board has to be set correspondingly. Manual setting is very time-consuming. DE 100 19 054 C1 describes a process which is intended for cutting panels to size from a support board and by means of which the saw can be automatically adapted to the paper growth. Cameras are necessary for this purpose, the cameras determining the actual position of defined points of the decoration. The actual position is then compared with the desired position and the deviation of the width or length dimension is determined, with the result that the saw can be set correspondingly.

In order to optimize the cutting, fairly high outlay is thus necessary, and this increases the cost of the production of high-grade panels. In order further to match the appearance of the laminate panel to the appearance of a natural-wood panel, a relief-containing female die may be provided in the press in which the decorative layer is pressed with the support board, a relief which corresponds to the woodgrain being stamped into the synthetic resin layer by means of said die. Since the paper growth is not reproducible, it is not possible to make the relief correspond fully with the decoration. The joints of a tiled surface cannot be stamped into the surface of the synthetic-resin layer since deviations would be immediately visible here.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Taking this problem as the departure point, the intention is to improve the wood fiberboard described in the introduction.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

The problem is solved, in the case of a wood fiberboard 1 of the generic type, in that the decoration 2 is printed directly onto the top side of the support board and is covered by at least one layer of a transparent synthetic resin 3, preferably melamine resin or urea resin. In addition, it is also possible for the decoration to be printed onto the underside of the support board and to be covered by at least one layer of a transparent synthetic resin. If appropriate, the underside and/or the top side of the support board may be provided with a relief corresponding to the decoration, this relief being pressed into the synthetic-resin layer.

By virtue of this configuration, the paper layer is eliminated. During pressing of the synthetic-resin layer, the decoration changes neither in length nor in width. The saw which is subsequently used to cut panels to size, may be preset. It is possible to stamp into the synthetic-resin layer of the board designed according to the invention even the most intricate reliefs, which correspond precisely with the decoration. The production costs of high-quality panels are considerably reduced. A further saving is achieved in that the paper layer is dispensed with.

The decoration is preferably covered by two layers of a synthetic resin, the layer which is applied directly to the decoration having corundum particles for increasing the abrasion resistance.

A process for producing the wood fiberboard according to the invention is distinguished by the following steps;

a) a decoration, preferably a wood or tile decoration, is printed onto one or two sides of the board;
b) a screen roller is used to spread one or more synthetic-resin layers on the side with the decoration (top side) and the sides located opposite the latter (underside);
c) the synthetic-resin layers are pressed with the board in a known manner in a short-cycle-press.

The absence of paper layers prevents the resulting boards from warping, which could be produced by the inherent tensile force of the papers. Short pressing times may be realized as a result of the thin layers.

Instead of HDF (High Density Fiberboard), it is also possible for the support board to be made of MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard) or also a conventional chipboard with a correspondingly finely distributed cover layer, from which, for example, smaller panels used for furniture construction can then be sawn.

Boards which are produced in this way may also be used as floors in that they are sawn to form panels in a format appropriate to the decoration.

Claims

1. A process for producing a wood fiberboard comprising:
printing a decoration onto one or two sides of the board;
spreading, by use of a screen roller, one or more synthetic-resin layers of melamine-resin or urea-resin layers on a side with the decoration and sides located opposite the decoration; and
pressing the synthetic-resin layers.
printing a decoration onto one or two sides of the board;
spreading, by use of a screen roller, one or more synthetic-resin layers of melamine-resin or urea-resin layers on a side with the decoration and sides located opposite the decoration; and
pressing the synthetic-resin layers.
2. The process according to claim 1, wherein a first synthetic-resin layer applied to the decoration is provided with corundum particles.
3. The process according to claim 1, further comprising, in a short cycle press, stamping a relief which corresponds to the decoration on a top side into the synthetic-resin layer.
4. The process according to claim 3, further comprising stamping a relief which corresponds to the decoration on an underside.
5. The process according to claim 1, wherein the decoration is printed directly onto at least one of a top side and underside of the board.
6. The process according to claim 1, further comprising sawing floor panels from the wood fiberboard.
7. The process according to claim 3, further comprising sawing floor panels from the wood fiberboard.
8. The process according to claim 5, further comprising sawing floor panels from the wood fiberboard.
9. The process according to claim 1, wherein the wood fiberboard comprises an HDF support board with a top side and an underside, the top side having the decoration printed thereon and covered by at least one layer of a transparent synthetic resin.
10. The process according to claim 1, wherein the decoration is printed onto an underside of the board.
11. The process according to claim 1, wherein the decoration is printed directly onto a top side of the board and the board is made of one of HDF, MDF, and chipboard, and further comprising covering the top side by a paper free layer of a transparent synthetic resin.
12. The process according to claim 1, wherein the decoration is printed onto a top side of the board and is covered by at least one layer of a transparent synthetic resin, wherein the board is made of one of HDF, MDF, and chipboard, and further comprising forming a relief on the top side which corresponds to the decoration.
13. The process according to claim 1, wherein the decoration is of a wood or tile.