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Process for producing 2-alkylidene-4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Isao Kurimoto, Akihiko Nakamura, Norihiko Hirata

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A process for producing a 2-alkylidene-4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester of the formula (3):

wherein R

1 and R

2 each independently represent a lower alkyl group having 1-5 carbon atoms, the process is characterized by reacting a 4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester of the formula (1):

where R

1 has the same meaning as defined above, with an aldehyde of the formula (2):

R

2CHO  (2)

wherein R

2 has the same meaning as defined above, in an inert organic solvent in the presence of an amine and a carboxylic acid.

Claims

1. A process for producing a 2-alkylidene-4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester of the formula (3):

wherein R

1 and R

2 each independently represent a lower alkyl group having 1-5 carbon atoms, which comprises reacting:

R

2CHO  (2)

2. The process according to claim 1, wherein the 4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester of the formula (1), the aldehyde of the formula (2) and the amine are added in parallel to a solution of the carboxylic acid of the formula (1) in the inert organic solvent.

3. The process according to claim 1, wherein 4-bromoacetoacetic acid ester of the formula (1), the aldehyde of the formula (2), the amine and carboxylic acid are added in parallel to the inert organic solvent.

4. The process according to claim 1, wherein a (C

1-C

20) secondary amine and a (C

2-C

6) carboxylic acid are used as the amine and carboxylic acid.

5. The process according to claim 4, wherein the secondery amine is piperidine and the carboxylic acid is acetic acid.

6. The process according to claim 1, wherein said lower alkyl group is selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, an ethyl group, a n-propyl group, an i-propyl group, a n-butyl group, a t-butyl group and a n-pentyl group.

7. The process according to claim 1, wherein the amine is selected from a group consisting of-methyl amine, ethylamine, n-propylamine, dimethylamine, diethylamine, piperidine, morpholine, triethylamine, pyridine and combinations thereof.

8. The process according to claim 1, wherein the carboxylic acid is selected from the group consisting of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, valeric acid, caproic acid and combinations thereof.

9. The process according to claim 1, wherein the inert organic solvent is selected from the group consisting of toluene, benzene, xylene, hexane, heptane, dichloromethane, dichloroethane, chloroform, 1-chlorobutane, chlorobenzene, diethyl ether, t-butyl methyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone and combination thereof.

10. The process according to claim 1, wherein the reaction uses

11. The process according to claim 10, wherein the reaction occurs in a temperature range of −80 to 30° C.