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Procedure-related myonecrosis after bare and drug-eluting stent implantation.

Research paper by Chi-Hang CH Lee, Hung-Fat HF Tse, Bee-Choo BC Tai, Zhaojin Z Chen, Mark Y MY Chan, Huay-Cheem HC Tan

Indexed on: 04 Jun '10Published on: 04 Jun '10Published in: Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals



Abstract

We sought to compare the incidence of myonecrosis after elective implantation of bare metal stents with that of drug-eluting stents. The data of stable patients who were treated with stenting in a single native coronary artery were analyzed retrospectively. The stents used were bare metal in 119, sirolimus-eluting (Cypher Select Plus) in 119 patients, paclitaxel-eluting (Taxus Liberté) in 120, zotarolimus-eluting (Endeavor Sprint) in 122, and everolimus-eluting (Xience V) in 72. Endpoints included post-procedural myonecrosis (any elevation of creatine kinase-MB), myocardial infarction (creatine kinase-MB>3 times the upper limit of normal), and large myocardial infarction (creatine kinase-MB>5 times the upper limit of normal). The incidences of myonecrosis (16.7%-18.9%), myocardial infarction (3.3%-8.4%), and large myocardial infarction (1.7%-5.6%) were not significantly different among stent types. At the 30-day follow-up, there were 2 deaths in patients who had Taxus Liberté stents, one death each in those with Xience V and bare metal stents, and no cases of stroke or target vessel revascularization. In this study, bare metal stents and the 4 drug-eluting stents were associated with similar low incidences of myonecrosis, myocardial infarction, and large myocardial infarction.

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