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Procedure for the elimination of interference in a radar unit of the FMCW type

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Bert-Eric Tullsson

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

This invention concerns a procedure for the elimination of interferences, such as pulses and linear chirps, in a radar unit of the FMCW type. According to the procedure, the useable signal in the form of a beat signal, is subjected to time-frequency division of the type STFT for division of the signal into narrow-band frequency bands. Interference is detected and eliminated in each frequency band, after which the time signal freed from interference and its Discrete Fourier Transform, DFT, are calculated from the time-frequency division in narrow-band frequency bands.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

The method according to the invention will be described below in greater detail with reference to the enclosed figures, where:

FIG. 1 shows diagrammatically the principle for how a linear FMCW radar unit works and can be modified in accordance with the invention.

FIG. 2 shows examples of suitable frequency sweeps in a time-frequency diagram.

FIG. 3 shows samples of a simulated FMCW beat signal with Gaussian noise and interference.

FIG. 4 shows the absolute value of the FFT for the beat signal in FIG.

3.

FIG. 5 shows the result of a time-frequency analysis of the beat signal in FIG.

3.

FIG. 6 shows the absolute value of the FFT for a beat signal in FIG. 3 without interference.

Claims

1. A method for the elimination of interference in a FMCW radar unit wherein transmitted and received signals are combined to form a difference signal; said method comprising the steps

2. The method of claim 1 which includes the further step of:

3. The method of claim 2 wherein said time-frequency resolution is a Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) and wherein said DFT is a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said time-frequency resolution is a Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT).

5. The method of claim 1, wherein said interference comprises chirps and pulses, and said interference detecting employs procedures to detect straight lines in images.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the straight lines which are detected are lines which are not parallel with a time axis, and the method further comprises eliminating interference corresponding to the detected lines in each of plural frequency bands.

7. The method of claim 5 which includes applying a Hough transform for straight-line detection.

8. The method of claim 7 which includes the further step of:

9. The method of claim 8 wherein said time-frequency resolution is a Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) and wherein said DFT is a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).

10. The method of claim 9, wherein said step (b) further comprises pre-filtering frequency bands corresponding to said difference signal, to increase the sensitivity of detection.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein said step (b) further comprises calculating an adaptive filter for performing said pre-filtering.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein said filter is applied to at least one frequency window of a frequency band formed by said time-frequency resolution.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein said step (c) comprises extrapolating from interference-free samples.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein said step (b) further comprises pre-filtering frequency bands corresponding to said difference signal, to increase the sensitivity of detection.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein said step (b) further comprises calculating an adaptive filter for performing said pre-filtering.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein said filter is applied to at least one frequency window of a frequency band formed by said time-frequency resolution.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein said step (c) comprises extrapolating from interference-free samples.