Probabilistic 3D MRI atlas of the human cerebellar dentate/interposed nuclei.

Research paper by A A Dimitrova, D D Zeljko, F F Schwarze, M M Maschke, M M Gerwig, M M Frings, A A Beck, V V Aurich, M M Forsting, D D Timmann

Indexed on: 01 Nov '05Published on: 01 Nov '05Published in: NeuroImage


In a previous study, a three-dimensional (3D) MRI atlas of the human cerebellar nuclei was introduced based on findings in one healthy human subject [Dimitrova, A., Weber, J., Redies, C., Kindsvater, K., Maschke, M., Kolb, F.P., Forsting, M., Diener, H.C., Timmann, D., 2002. MRI atlas of the human cerebellar nuclei. NeuroImage 17, 240-255]. The present MRI investigation was designed to study variability of the anatomy of the dentate/interposed nuclei in a larger group of healthy subjects. Similar to our previous study, iron-induced susceptibility artifacts were used to visualize the cerebellar nuclei as hypointensities on MR images. Data of 63 healthy subjects (27 female, 36 male; mean age 45.3+/-13.4 years, age range 22--71 years) were included. A 3D axial volume of the cerebellum was acquired using a T2*-weighted FLASH sequence on a Siemens Sonata 1.5 T MR scanner. Each volume was registered, re-sampled to 1.00 x 1.00 x 1.00 mm(3) voxel size and spatially normalized into a standard proportional stereotaxic space using SPM99. Dentate/interposed nuclei were traced on axial images and saved as regions of interest using MRIcro-software by two independent examiners. A probabilistic 3D MRI atlas of the cerebellar dentate/interposed nuclei is presented based on findings in all subjects.