Prevention of episodic migraine with topiramate: a prospective 24-week, open-label, flexible-dose clinical trial with optional 24 weeks follow-up in a community setting.

Research paper by R R Malessa, A A Gendolla, B B Steinberg, L L Schmitt, K K Bornhoevd, M M Djelani, B B Schäuble,

Indexed on: 17 Mar '10Published on: 17 Mar '10Published in: Current medical research and opinion


To explore efficacy and safety outcomes of topiramate for episodic migraine prevention in community practice.Open-label, multicenter, flexible-dose clinical trial consisting of a 4-week baseline phase, 24-week core phase and an optional 24-week follow-up phase in patients (18-80 years) with episodic migraine treated in community practices outside tertiary care centers.The primary efficacy endpoint was the change in the number of migraine days/28 days (baseline vs. the last 4 weeks of core treatment) Secondary efficacy parameters included aspects of quality of life (QoL) and subjective patient ratings.A total of 360 patients entered the core phase (ITT population); 37.6% (97 patients) discontinued prematurely, mainly due to adverse events (AEs; 23.6%). Mean topiramate dosage was 90 mg/day. Migraine days decreased from 8.30/28 days to 5.65/28 days and QoL (HIT-6 and MIDAS) was improved. Efficacy, tolerability and satisfaction were rated as 'good' or better by 56, 61 and 63% of patients, respectively. A total of 321 of 364 patients (88.2%) reported at least one treatment emergent AE, and the most common during the core phase were paraesthesia (46.4% of 364 patients), fatigue (17.0%), nausea (15.4%), dizziness (12.9%), viral infection (12.9%), weight decrease (12.6%) and impaired concentration (10.2%). Of 227 patients completing the core phase, 199 (88%) participated in the follow-up phase. A total of 187 patients received topiramate and 38 (20.3%) of these stopped treatment prematurely due to insufficient efficacy (6.4%), AEs (4.8%) or other reasons (10.2%). Reduction in migraine days and improvements in QoL (HIT-6) were maintained or improved (MIDAS) during follow-up, and 84% rated their satisfaction with topiramate therapy as 'good to very good'.This community practice study showed that long-term treatment with topiramate in the prevention of episodic migraine was effective and well-tolerated, and it was associated with clinically relevant improvements in several aspects of QoL.