Pressure-induced Enhancement of Superconductivity in BiS$_2$-layered LaO$_{1-x}$F$_x$BiS$_2$

Research paper by Takahiro Tomita, Masaya Ebata, Hideto Soeda, Hiroki Takahashi, Hiroshi Fujihisa, Yoshito Gotoh, Yoshikazu Mizuguchi, Hiroki Izawa, Osuke Miura, Satoshi Demura, Keita Deguchi, Yoshihiko Takano

Indexed on: 17 Sep '13Published on: 17 Sep '13Published in: Physics - Superconductivity


The newly discovered BiS$_2$-based LaO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$BiS$_2$ ($x$=0.5) becomes superconductive at $T_c$=2.5 K. Electrical resistivity and magnetization measurements are performed under pressure to determine the pressure dependence of the superconducting transition temperature $T_c$. We observe that $T_c$ abruptly increases from 2.5 K to 10.7 K at a pressure of 0.7 GPa. According to high-pressure X-ray diffraction measurements, a structural phase transition from a tetragonal phase ($P$4/$nmm$) to a monoclinic phase ($P$2$_1/m$) also occurs at around $\sim$ 1 GPa. We consider that a pressure-induced enhancement of superconductivity is caused by the structural phase transition.