Preparation of 2-amino-2-C-glycosyl-acetonitriles from C-glycosyl aldehydes by Strecker reaction.

Research paper by Szabolcs S Sipos, István I Jablonkai, Orsolya O Egyed, Mátyás M Czugler

Indexed on: 16 Nov '11Published on: 16 Nov '11Published in: Carbohydrate Research


Synthesis of new 2-amino-2-C-D-glycosyl-acetonitriles in a Strecker reaction from various C-glycosyl aldehydes, chiral amines, and HCN was carried out. While aminonitriles from glycal and 2-deoxy-β-D-glycosyl aldehydes were prepared in satisfactory yields, lower yields were obtained with C-glycosyl aldehydes. Strecker reaction with the benzyl-protected 1-C-formyl-D-galactal and S- or R-1-phenylethylamine (S-PEA or R-PEA) yielded predominantly the R-configured C-glycosyl aminoacetonitrile. The direction of the nucleophilic addition appears to be governed by the configuration of the anomeric carbon with β-linked sugars. Since the stereochemistry of the transition state is unknown according to the configuration of the major product a Felkin-Ahn selectivity can be mainly presumed.