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Preparation and evaluation of a novel Fe-Mn binary oxide adsorbent for effective arsenite removal.

Research paper by Gaosheng G Zhang, Jiuhui J Qu, Huijuan H Liu, Ruiping R Liu, Rongcheng R Wu

Indexed on: 27 Mar '07Published on: 27 Mar '07Published in: Water Research



Abstract

Arsenite (As(III)) is more toxic and more difficult to remove from water than arsenate (As(V)). As there is no simple treatment for the efficient removal of As(III), an oxidation step is always necessary to achieve higher removal. However, this leads to a complicated operation and is not cost-effective. To overcome these disadvantage, a novel Fe-Mn binary oxide material which combined the oxidation property of manganese dioxide and the high adsorption features to As(V) of iron oxides, were developed from low cost materials using a simultaneous oxidation and coprecipitation method. The adsorbent was characterized by BET surface areas measurement, powder XRD, SEM, and XPS. The results showed that prepared Fe-Mn binary oxide with a high surface area (265 m2 g(-1)) was amorphous. Iron and manganese existed mainly in the oxidation state +III and IV, respectively. Laboratory experiments were carried out to investigate adsorption kinetics, adsorption capacity of the adsorbent and the effect of solution pH values on arsenic removal. Batch experimental results showed that the adsorbent could completely oxidize As(III) to As(V) and was effective for both As(V) and As(III) removal, particularly the As(III). The maximal adsorption capacities of As(V) and As(III) were 0.93 mmol g(-1) and 1.77 mmol g(-1), respectively. The results compare favorably with those obtained using other adsorbent. The effects of anions such as SO4(2-), PO4(3-), SiO3(2-), CO3(2-) and humic acid (HA), which possibly exist in natural water, on As(III) removal were also investigated. The results indicated that phosphate was the greatest competitor with arsenic for adsorptive sites on the adsorbent. The presence of sulfate and HA had no significant effect on arsenic removal. The high uptake capability of the Fe-Mn binary oxide makes it potentially attractive adsorbent for the removal of As(III) from aqueous solution.