Indexed on: 05 May '18Published on: 05 May '18Published in: Journal of biomaterials applications
Segmented polyurethanes were prepared with polycaprolactone diol as soft segment and 4,4-methylene-bis cyclohexyl diisocyanate and l-glutamine as the rigid segment. These polyurethanes were filled with 1 wt.% to 5 wt.% titanium particles (Ti), physicochemically characterized and their biocompatibility assessed using human dental pulp stem cells and mice osteoblasts. Physicochemical characterization showed that composites retained the properties of the semicrystalline polyurethane as they exhibited a glass transition temperature (T) between -35°C and -45°C, melting temperature (T) at 52°C and crystallinity close to 40% as determined by differential scanning calorimetry. In agreement with this, X-ray diffraction showed reflections at 21.3° and 23.6° for polycaprolactone diol and reflections at 35.1°, 38.4°, and 40.2° for Ti particles suggesting that these particles are not acting as nucleating sites. The addition of up to 5 wt.% of Ti reduced both, tensile strength and maximum strain from 1.9 MPa to 1.2 MPa, and from 670% to 172% for pristine and filled polyurethane, respectively. Although there were differences between composites at low strain rates, no significant differences in mechanical behavior were observed at higher strain rate where a tensile stress of 8.5 MPa and strain of 223% were observed for 5 wt.% composites. The addition to titanium particles had a beneficial effect on both human dental pulp stem cells and osteoblasts viability, as it increased with the amount of titanium in composites up to 10 days of incubation.