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Preparation and characterization of carboxymethyl cellulose-based composite films reinforced by cellulose nanocrystals derived from pea hull waste for food packaging applications.

Research paper by Hui H Li, Hongbo H Shi, Yunqing Y He, Xiang X Fei, Lincai L Peng

Indexed on: 09 Sep '20Published on: 09 Sep '20Published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules



Abstract

Pea hull is a renewable, readily available and abundant agricultural waste whose high-value utilization deserves more attentions. This work aimed at the isolation of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) from pea hull and evaluation its reinforcement capability for carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) film. The obtained CNC displayed needle-like shapes with length of 81-286 nm, diameter of 8-21 nm, aspect ratio of 16 and crystallinity index of 0.77. The effects of CNC content on the morphologies, optical, mechanical, water vapor barrier and thermal properties of CMC/CNC films were investigated. SEM images showed that the CNC was evenly distributed in the CMC matrix to form homogenous films when the content of CNC was ≤5 wt%. The CMC/CNC composite films showed improved UV barrier, mechanical strength, water vapor barrier and thermal stability. Compared with pure CMC film, an increase of 50.8% in tensile strength and a decrease of 53.4% in water vapor permeability were observed for 5 wt% CNC-reinforced composite film. Furthermore, 5 wt% CNC-reinforced composite film was used for red chilies packaging, which is very effective at reducing weight loss and maintaining vitamin C compared with uncoated red chilies. These results indicated that the CMC/CNC composite film may have promising application potential as edible food packaging material. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.